Orchids belong to the family Orchidaceae,
- The two topmost petals are usually the most distinct and brightly-colored, while the bottom petal, known as the lip or labellum, is often highly modified and can come in various forms – large and multi-colored, fanned out, or pouch-like.
- Sepals make up the outer whorl of the perianth (structure that envelops the flower) that protects the unopened flower bud – they can appear very similar to the brightly-colored petals or modified and different.
The male and female reproductive parts of an orchid are fused together in a column located in the middle of the flower. When pollinators such as bees, moths, flies and butterflies visit the blooms, pollen gets attached to their bodies and is carried over to other plants.
Singapore’s National Flower: Papilionanthe Miss Joaqium ‘Agnes’was named national flower of Singapore in 1981.
- Singapore is the only country in the world to have a hybrid as her national flower
- Amongst 40 flowers, Papilionanthe Miss Joaqium ‘Agnes’ was selected as Singapore’s national flower on 15 April 1981 (the first registered orchid hybrid from Singapore). It was chosen for its qualities that are reflective of the Singapore spirit: o vibrant colours, hardiness and resilience, qualities that reflect the Singapore Spirit.
- Papilionanthe Miss Joaqium ‘Agnes’ is a cross between Papilionanthe teres and Papilionanthe hookeriana. Our national flower is formerly known as Vanda Miss Joaqium as its two parent plants were classified in the genus Vanda. However, research has shown that they are in fact in the genus Papilionanthe. Hence, our national flower is now known as Papilionanthe Miss Joaqium ‘Agnes’.